薩爾瓦多 EL SALVADOR
El Salvador is located at the center of Central America, and it is adjacent to the Pacific on the South, and Honduras ton the east and north-east, while it is adjacent to Guatemala on the west and northwest. With its territory covering an area of approximately 21,040 square km, it is about 2/3 the size of Taiwan and has a population of 6.3 million. El Salvador is the smallest as well as the most densely populated country in Central America. It takes only 2 hour flight from Miami. With its tropical oceanic climate, it is divided into dry and rainy reasons. The dry season begins from November to April and the rainy season begins from May to October. As a whole, the average temperature of the country ranges from 17C to 34C, and the annual rainfall is 2,540mm. The dry season is the time more suitable for tourists to pay visit to the country. For now, the political entity of the country is republican. The country is well noted for its more than 300km of coastline and excellent tropical oceanic climate, There are quite a many beautiful coastal scenic spots at the eastern coast, such as Las Tunas, Playas Negras, El Tamarindo, El lcacal, Las Playitas, El Cuco, Chiquirin, and Maculis.
San Salvador, the capital, is the largest city in El Salvador, and it has transformed into such a metropolitan structure of modernity with the flourishing development of commerce and industry. Notwithstanding, tourists can still savor the arts and culture atmosphere permeated in the city, while the 28-hectare Balboa Forest Park at the suburb is also a nice place to visit. As the second largest city of the country, Santa Ana is located at Sihuatehuacan valley, north-east to the Santa Anavolcano. The ancient tribes believe that Santa Ana is the city of wizards, visionary, and priest. Santa Ana enjoys its splendid view where the most precious historical and architectural monuments including opera house, grand cathedral, city hall, and El Cavario Temple are housed. The Teatro de Santa Ana is itself is a treasure of art and was built at the end of 18th century with its structure presenting the style neo-classicism. The façade of the architecture is presented with three beautiful marble sculptured statutes. Santa Ana's cathedral is the largest gothic architecture in the country in which there is Italian marble sculptured altar, while its exquisitely-carved architectural outlook contrasts sharply with the interior design presented in concise streamline.
El Imposible forest is located within the Province of Ahuachapan, with its altitude in 300m to 1400m above sea level. The natural reserve occupies an area of approximately 500 hectares, considered to be an area with richest species of wild life in El Salvador as well as one of the few rain forests still well reserved in the world. In the forest, we will marvel at the perfect harmony and breath-taking scenery of precious wild life and plants. The abundant species of wildlife include some rare animals, such as panther, ocelot, collard anteater, black-crown hawk, and curassow (a specific one in South and Central America). Besides, there are about 25 volcanoes in El Salvador, as most of them are sunken into crater lakes of varying size and we can still have a view of some craters with lava flow movement. Located at the west, Volcano Izalco, with an elevation of 1,830 m, is the largest sleeping volcano in the country. Given with a unique volcanic landscape has not quench out since its first explosion eruption in 1722, and it was once dubbed as "light-tower of the Pacific" by sailors in early days as the fumes can be seen clearly vessels from on the sea. During colonial period, the Spaniards called the place as "Door to Devil" as it presented the most unforgettable unique scene.
Maya, an ancient India tribe, used to live in Central America and disappeared mysteriously more than 1,000 years ago. The areas this tribe inhibited include the central areas of Central America running through Guatemala, Belize, Mexico, Honduras, and El Salvador. Since the marvelous relics of Maya culture were discovered in El Salvador, we can ascertain this land was one of the densely populated areas. Despite the smallest country among Mayan world, El Salvador charms the world with its rich cultural relics in terms of archaeology. In recent years, one most important Mayan cultural relic has been discovered at Joya de Cerén, about 30km northeast of San Salvador, a Maya tribe which was covered up by volcanic ashes that has been enlisted as a world heritage by UNESCO. The clay product, ceramic works, bamboo ware, wooden ware, and textile products excavated from the relic will lead us to be amazed at the artistic creativity of Mayan craftsmen.